Any vessel, whether it is a yacht, commercial ship, a merchant ship or a trawler, must be registered. Namely, she should belong to a certain state, fly its flag, and be under the law and international marine conventions of that state. At the domestic level, a vessel is to be registered in a particular port. Her registration data is highly important. Since a yacht may navigate in multinational waters most of her life, she must ensure she has the support and protection of the registration state if any unforeseen problems arise.
Your vessel’s nationality
After passing the registration procedure, a vessel qualifies to fly the flag of her country just as she has the right for property registration and a variety of other services. Passing the registration means that a country whose flag is going to be put on the pillar acts like the adpromissor of legal norms, the adherence of a vessel purchase and her good technical condition. The government should assure that these regulations comply with national and international requirements and testify to this over all parties involved.
The 1982 UN Law of the Sea Convention (UNCLOS), confirmed by 154 states, provides that any vessel must sail under the flag of a certain state (Article No. 92 of the Convention). According to article No. 91, every state should determine the conditions of its nationality assignment to vessels, registration of vessels within their territories, and right to sail under their flags. Vessels are to be of that state’s nationality, which authorizes sailing under its flag. In addition there must be a factual connection between a vessel and a state. Also every state issues to ship owners corresponding documents.